Writing scientific papers: 3 Journal selection

peaceful for him right is your research interesting innovative enough to publish and I’ve got an example from the instructions to author from it from a journal that that’s coming up but a frequent reason for rejecting manuscripts is because the the editor does not consider that the research is sufficiently substantial you may have done an experiment for just one year and you want to publish it but the journal may expect you to be presenting results from two or three years research so this is quite common it’s a quite frequent reason for having manuscripts rejected and I I had a PhD student recently in Newcastle who was telling me that she thought it would be worthwhile to write up and publish some of the work that she had been doing with some of my wheat varieties in Newcastle and I was telling her well yes but people have been publishing research on this subject for 40 years and all you were doing is using different varieties but she said oh yes but it’s still going to be worthwhile then I was trying to explain to her that well you’ve got to find something new in the story that’s going to make it worthwhile to publish if there are going to be 50 other research publications looking at this subject which was salt responses in wheat and she’s got another ten genotypes of wheat that she’s looked at then nobody’s going to be interesting in publishing this unless there’s something special something that makes this interesting so ever think about that this final statement is worthwhile for you to consider as well if the journal accepts your manuscript for publication is it going to increase the journals impact factor and if after careful consideration you think well mmm I don’t know then maybe you should be looking for a different Journal or you should be redesigning the way that you present the information to make it more attractive to the journal now your research should be describing what’s in this world not the one on the left but I’ll show you the graph on the right hand side as well your research should be describing what’s on the right hand side the figure there but very often what is submitted to journals is represented by the figure on the left where we have poorly justified research poorly designed research poorly described research and little evidence of genuine progress in terms of an increase in the knowledge so you’ve got to make sure that what you are submitting to a journal is the figure on the right which is well justified research it needs to be done it is well designed research it is well described and there’s a clear impact clear increase in our knowledge as shown by the difference in the height of the two bars so the your target is the figure on the right hand side so let’s assume that you have something that is suitable for publishing I’m going to give now a few pieces of advice about journals to select and what and how to go to the next stage always start by reading the journals information for authors when I was doing most of my research I used to get that by going to the library and looking at the inside cover of the journals nowadays you do it all on their website first you need to identify whether it’s the right journal for your paper and here are some comments that I’ve taken from a number of journals in their section on information for authors and you can see the sort of comments that journals will make two guide authors in how to submit their manuscripts so here’s one that says descriptive reports in which no specific hypothesis is tested are unlikely to be accepted so how many of you write descriptive papers do any of you write papers just describing what you found rather than testing any particular hypothesis do you really do some oh but you get them published all right then we have field study results and more likely to be accepted if they use more than a single technique of data collection and analysis and we have papers must be original research and must not have already been published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere it’s like computers computer processing you can either have serial processing or you can have parallel processing now in terms of a scientific manuscript it has to be serial processing one after the other so if you write a paper you submitted to one journal and one journal only then when you get the results from that if it’s unsuccessful you submit it to another journal you do not submit your manuscript to two or three journals simultaneously I do know that that happens because I have seen through contacts that I have I have seen the essentially identical text appear in different publications so people are just copying pasting papers in several journals so once you have decided which journal you will submit the paper to you then have to read very carefully all of the instructions to authors which will give you guidance on how to write the text and I’ve got just one example that I’ll show you here which is annals of botany instructions for authors manuscript preparation and just focus on the text in in red it says for margins approximately 25 millimetre margins now this is a journal that’s published that is published in the UK and it uses the European metric system if you publish in an American Journal it will use the old imperial system feet and inches then it will tell you a margin of 1 inch for example this journal says all pages should be numbered sequentially and furthermore each line of the text should be numbered and it shows you how to find that in word under the the menu format and then it says further down make sure the language is English UK so you know there are different sorts of English there’s there’s my English which is UK English and then there’s American there’s US English and the Americans they don’t know how to spell there so a lot of their words are wrong and the Australians there they have their version of English as well so make sure they just use different words so make sure that you check which version of English you need to set your keyboard to for the journal that you’re going to be submitting to and not bothering to follow all the journals instructions it creates a bad impression from the start if I’m the journal editor and I have a quick look through your manuscript as it comes in to me and I find that you haven’t bothered to follow any of my journals instructions then it immediately puts me in in a bad mood it doesn’t make me favorable towards your manuscript so you’ve got to make sure you follow the instructions so this is your starting point question mark and that’s your finishing point question mark because at the beginning you don’t know how you’re going to start do you I was going to say you take the pen in your hand but nowadays you don’t actually use pens do you and I did I wrote most of my scientific papers were written with pen and paper well I started writing in the 1970s you see different century yes that shows you how old I am dear actually it was it was interesting maybe because when we were at school I remember this was in the sixth form we were taken on a special excursion this was a special sixth form student excursion to see a computer and we were driven in this minibus to this to this factory where they had this huge machine and they had all this paper going through wonderful yeah so I’ve got mine in my pocket right so that’s your starting point you don’t know where you’re going to start from you don’t know what the first word is going to be and you don’t really know where you’re going to end up but you’ve got to convert that from question mark into once upon a time d-dan d-dan d-dan you know their Chi biker and its got to finish up and they all lived happily ever after now the reason that I have used this analogy to the children’s story is it if you think about children’s stories they are written very simply as you turn the page of a children’s story book all of the text goes obviously clearly from the previous page doesn’t it it’s very easy to follow a children’s story it has to be easy otherwise the children can’t follow it you’ve got to take the same attitude when you are writing a scientific paper you don’t start your first sentence once upon a time I had this bright idea you may have had a good idea but but you’ve got to be thinking in that frame of mind because you’ve got to make sure that the way that you present the information is going to be easy even for a child to be able to understand so you’ve got to make sure that you start off the story with a clear definition of why it needs to be done then you describe what you did and then you summarize what the results are you say this is where we got to and this is therefore confirmed our original idea or our results have disproved this particular hypothesis but it’s a series of events that everybody can follow easily so let’s just assume that you have a good story to tell the secrets to writing and submitting a good-quality scientific paper which is actually true for any document the secrets are to be logical clear concise unambiguous consistent without factual errors and without any technical errors so you can do that then you’re writing a good-quality manuscript so I’ll explain what I mean by each of those if you don’t manage that you will find the reviewers will have difficulty reading and understanding what you wrote you will have comments on your reviewers report that say they couldn’t understand what you were doing it wasn’t clear and so on so what do I mean by each of those points logical it’s got to have flow it’s got to have obvious connection one step to the next so points need to go clearly from one to the next clear it has to be easy to read in a simple language in a simple language that’s easy to understand now I when I am correcting the English for scientists who sent me their manuscripts what I find myself doing very often with people from Serbia is that I’m cutting out a lot of the words because I find this is part of your culture it’s the way that you do it in Serbian if you’re writing a scientific manuscript you put in words that in English are not necessary so I spend a lot of my time going around mmm cutting it out and long sentences and very often you will use a phrase that is let’s say five words and I can reorganize that to use any two words so I find myself very often reorganizing sentences and making them shorter and therefore easier for others to read and to understand now I it’s easy for me to tell you this but it’s did it is a challenge for you to be able to follow that that approach but very often this will be a reason why manuscripts are rejected the the the English just doesn’t read nicely so I have got a few slides at the end of this part of the course on how to improve the English but in the time available I’m afraid it’s only one or two examples but it may it may help so concise no unnecessary words even a lot of english-speaking scientists from the UK they like to put in words which are not necessary and I’ve got one slide at the end which is an appendix of a book on scientific writing which will give you examples of the way that words are used unnecessarily and it will show you how you can just cut out the word you don’t need it because it has no information content I like to think about words in terms of their information content what information is it giving to the reader by having that word in and if the answer is it doesn’t tell you anything then it doesn’t need to be there so unambiguous only one way to interpret what you write consistent which means the same information every time you mention it table and figure data correctly reported in the text all the references cited in the reference in the text and in the reference list and so on and it should be without factual errors which means that you check for consistency between what the table shows the numbers in the tables and any information you put from the table in the text and without technical errors checked with the journal style to make sure that the formatting is consistent and this business of formatting I maybe I’m just very very strong but I like to see consistent formatting because I believe it it reflects the personality of the people who are writing the manuscript if they are inconsistent in the way that they type the information so that they have paragraph you know you starter for paragraph with the indent if they don’t if they’re not consistent in the spaces between lines if they’re not consistent in the way that they present the references then it tells me that their brains are not functioning in the right way to be a good quality scientist so I believe that consistency especially in formatting is a sign of a good quality researcher and no spelling mistakes you well know maybe you wouldn’t be surprised but I find a large number of manuscripts that are sent to me for checking to improve the English they have simple spelling mistakes in them so English words are not spelt correctly now the reason for that is that you are typing in Serbian when you’re typing English words but on a Serbian keyboard with your language in the computer wherever it’s set in my laptop it’s set up at the top you are typing in a keyboard that’s not an English keyboard and therefore when you are if you’re using words and I would imagine most people will use word you don’t see all the little red underlining for all the mistakes because your computer sets a Serbian so I mean every words a mistake as far as your computer is concerned but if you set the the language to English UK or us or whatever is needed then it will identify a few when you are typing a word that’s not in the computer’s memory then if it’s a simple English word that you’ve just typed the wrong letters for then it will tell you so you can identify that oh yes okay that’s that slide and again I said if I’m an editor of a journal I haven’t been an editor of a journal but I’ve been on editorial review boards if I’m the journal editor and the first page of your manuscript that I look at I find there’s got mistakes spelling errors formatting doesn’t look good then it automatically creates a bad impression on the quality of your research I already know that the quality of your manuscripts not going to be very good but because I believe this to be a quality of you as a researcher or you and your team as a researcher then I believe it’s important for you to make a good impression at the beginning so if there’s lack of care in putting your manuscript together that implies to me it suggests to me that there could be lack of care in doing the research you see so think about this very carefully and if there’s lack of care with the research maybe you’re not getting the truth maybe your manuscript reflects research like the left hand figure where the bars disappeared in Mugler rather than the one on the right hand side

Writing scientific papers: 3 Journal selection

peaceful for him right is your research interesting innovative enough to publish and I’ve got an example from the instructions to author from it from a journal that that’s coming up but a frequent reason for rejecting manuscripts is because the the editor does not consider that the research is sufficiently substantial you may have done an experiment for just one year and you want to publish it but the journal may expect you to be presenting results from two or three years research so this is quite common it’s a quite frequent reason for having manuscripts rejected and I I had a PhD student recently in Newcastle who was telling me that she thought it would be worthwhile to write up and publish some of the work that she had been doing with some of my wheat varieties in Newcastle and I was telling her well yes but people have been publishing research on this subject for 40 years and all you were doing is using different varieties but she said oh yes but it’s still going to be worthwhile then I was trying to explain to her that well you’ve got to find something new in the story that’s going to make it worthwhile to publish if there are going to be 50 other research publications looking at this subject which was salt responses in wheat and she’s got another ten genotypes of wheat that she’s looked at then nobody’s going to be interesting in publishing this unless there’s something special something that makes this interesting so ever think about that this final statement is worthwhile for you to consider as well if the journal accepts your manuscript for publication is it going to increase the journals impact factor and if after careful consideration you think well mmm I don’t know then maybe you should be looking for a different Journal or you should be redesigning the way that you present the information to make it more attractive to the journal now your research should be describing what’s in this world not the one on the left but I’ll show you the graph on the right hand side as well your research should be describing what’s on the right hand side the figure there but very often what is submitted to journals is represented by the figure on the left where we have poorly justified research poorly designed research poorly described research and little evidence of genuine progress in terms of an increase in the knowledge so you’ve got to make sure that what you are submitting to a journal is the figure on the right which is well justified research it needs to be done it is well designed research it is well described and there’s a clear impact clear increase in our knowledge as shown by the difference in the height of the two bars so the your target is the figure on the right hand side so let’s assume that you have something that is suitable for publishing I’m going to give now a few pieces of advice about journals to select and what and how to go to the next stage always start by reading the journals information for authors when I was doing most of my research I used to get that by going to the library and looking at the inside cover of the journals nowadays you do it all on their website first you need to identify whether it’s the right journal for your paper and here are some comments that I’ve taken from a number of journals in their section on information for authors and you can see the sort of comments that journals will make two guide authors in how to submit their manuscripts so here’s one that says descriptive reports in which no specific hypothesis is tested are unlikely to be accepted so how many of you write descriptive papers do any of you write papers just describing what you found rather than testing any particular hypothesis do you really do some oh but you get them published all right then we have field study results and more likely to be accepted if they use more than a single technique of data collection and analysis and we have papers must be original research and must not have already been published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere it’s like computers computer processing you can either have serial processing or you can have parallel processing now in terms of a scientific manuscript it has to be serial processing one after the other so if you write a paper you submitted to one journal and one journal only then when you get the results from that if it’s unsuccessful you submit it to another journal you do not submit your manuscript to two or three journals simultaneously I do know that that happens because I have seen through contacts that I have I have seen the essentially identical text appear in different publications so people are just copying pasting papers in several journals so once you have decided which journal you will submit the paper to you then have to read very carefully all of the instructions to authors which will give you guidance on how to write the text and I’ve got just one example that I’ll show you here which is annals of botany instructions for authors manuscript preparation and just focus on the text in in red it says for margins approximately 25 millimetre margins now this is a journal that’s published that is published in the UK and it uses the European metric system if you publish in an American Journal it will use the old imperial system feet and inches then it will tell you a margin of 1 inch for example this journal says all pages should be numbered sequentially and furthermore each line of the text should be numbered and it shows you how to find that in word under the the menu format and then it says further down make sure the language is English UK so you know there are different sorts of English there’s there’s my English which is UK English and then there’s American there’s US English and the Americans they don’t know how to spell there so a lot of their words are wrong and the Australians there they have their version of English as well so make sure they just use different words so make sure that you check which version of English you need to set your keyboard to for the journal that you’re going to be submitting to and not bothering to follow all the journals instructions it creates a bad impression from the start if I’m the journal editor and I have a quick look through your manuscript as it comes in to me and I find that you haven’t bothered to follow any of my journals instructions then it immediately puts me in in a bad mood it doesn’t make me favorable towards your manuscript so you’ve got to make sure you follow the instructions so this is your starting point question mark and that’s your finishing point question mark because at the beginning you don’t know how you’re going to start do you I was going to say you take the pen in your hand but nowadays you don’t actually use pens do you and I did I wrote most of my scientific papers were written with pen and paper well I started writing in the 1970s you see different century yes that shows you how old I am dear actually it was it was interesting maybe because when we were at school I remember this was in the sixth form we were taken on a special excursion this was a special sixth form student excursion to see a computer and we were driven in this minibus to this to this factory where they had this huge machine and they had all this paper going through wonderful yeah so I’ve got mine in my pocket right so that’s your starting point you don’t know where you’re going to start from you don’t know what the first word is going to be and you don’t really know where you’re going to end up but you’ve got to convert that from question mark into once upon a time d-dan d-dan d-dan you know their Chi biker and its got to finish up and they all lived happily ever after now the reason that I have used this analogy to the children’s story is it if you think about children’s stories they are written very simply as you turn the page of a children’s story book all of the text goes obviously clearly from the previous page doesn’t it it’s very easy to follow a children’s story it has to be easy otherwise the children can’t follow it you’ve got to take the same attitude when you are writing a scientific paper you don’t start your first sentence once upon a time I had this bright idea you may have had a good idea but but you’ve got to be thinking in that frame of mind because you’ve got to make sure that the way that you present the information is going to be easy even for a child to be able to understand so you’ve got to make sure that you start off the story with a clear definition of why it needs to be done then you describe what you did and then you summarize what the results are you say this is where we got to and this is therefore confirmed our original idea or our results have disproved this particular hypothesis but it’s a series of events that everybody can follow easily so let’s just assume that you have a good story to tell the secrets to writing and submitting a good-quality scientific paper which is actually true for any document the secrets are to be logical clear concise unambiguous consistent without factual errors and without any technical errors so you can do that then you’re writing a good-quality manuscript so I’ll explain what I mean by each of those if you don’t manage that you will find the reviewers will have difficulty reading and understanding what you wrote you will have comments on your reviewers report that say they couldn’t understand what you were doing it wasn’t clear and so on so what do I mean by each of those points logical it’s got to have flow it’s got to have obvious connection one step to the next so points need to go clearly from one to the next clear it has to be easy to read in a simple language in a simple language that’s easy to understand now I when I am correcting the English for scientists who sent me their manuscripts what I find myself doing very often with people from Serbia is that I’m cutting out a lot of the words because I find this is part of your culture it’s the way that you do it in Serbian if you’re writing a scientific manuscript you put in words that in English are not necessary so I spend a lot of my time going around mmm cutting it out and long sentences and very often you will use a phrase that is let’s say five words and I can reorganize that to use any two words so I find myself very often reorganizing sentences and making them shorter and therefore easier for others to read and to understand now I it’s easy for me to tell you this but it’s did it is a challenge for you to be able to follow that that approach but very often this will be a reason why manuscripts are rejected the the the English just doesn’t read nicely so I have got a few slides at the end of this part of the course on how to improve the English but in the time available I’m afraid it’s only one or two examples but it may it may help so concise no unnecessary words even a lot of english-speaking scientists from the UK they like to put in words which are not necessary and I’ve got one slide at the end which is an appendix of a book on scientific writing which will give you examples of the way that words are used unnecessarily and it will show you how you can just cut out the word you don’t need it because it has no information content I like to think about words in terms of their information content what information is it giving to the reader by having that word in and if the answer is it doesn’t tell you anything then it doesn’t need to be there so unambiguous only one way to interpret what you write consistent which means the same information every time you mention it table and figure data correctly reported in the text all the references cited in the reference in the text and in the reference list and so on and it should be without factual errors which means that you check for consistency between what the table shows the numbers in the tables and any information you put from the table in the text and without technical errors checked with the journal style to make sure that the formatting is consistent and this business of formatting I maybe I’m just very very strong but I like to see consistent formatting because I believe it it reflects the personality of the people who are writing the manuscript if they are inconsistent in the way that they type the information so that they have paragraph you know you starter for paragraph with the indent if they don’t if they’re not consistent in the spaces between lines if they’re not consistent in the way that they present the references then it tells me that their brains are not functioning in the right way to be a good quality scientist so I believe that consistency especially in formatting is a sign of a good quality researcher and no spelling mistakes you well know maybe you wouldn’t be surprised but I find a large number of manuscripts that are sent to me for checking to improve the English they have simple spelling mistakes in them so English words are not spelt correctly now the reason for that is that you are typing in Serbian when you’re typing English words but on a Serbian keyboard with your language in the computer wherever it’s set in my laptop it’s set up at the top you are typing in a keyboard that’s not an English keyboard and therefore when you are if you’re using words and I would imagine most people will use word you don’t see all the little red underlining for all the mistakes because your computer sets a Serbian so I mean every words a mistake as far as your computer is concerned but if you set the the language to English UK or us or whatever is needed then it will identify a few when you are typing a word that’s not in the computer’s memory then if it’s a simple English word that you’ve just typed the wrong letters for then it will tell you so you can identify that oh yes okay that’s that slide and again I said if I’m an editor of a journal I haven’t been an editor of a journal but I’ve been on editorial review boards if I’m the journal editor and the first page of your manuscript that I look at I find there’s got mistakes spelling errors formatting doesn’t look good then it automatically creates a bad impression on the quality of your research I already know that the quality of your manuscripts not going to be very good but because I believe this to be a quality of you as a researcher or you and your team as a researcher then I believe it’s important for you to make a good impression at the beginning so if there’s lack of care in putting your manuscript together that implies to me it suggests to me that there could be lack of care in doing the research you see so think about this very carefully and if there’s lack of care with the research maybe you’re not getting the truth maybe your manuscript reflects research like the left hand figure where the bars disappeared in Mugler rather than the one on the right hand side

2019 Essay Review Training — March 6, 2019

go ahead and get started so thank you again for joining today’s training my name is Eileen and I’m here at Washington State Opportunity Scholarship I work under the awards team which is the department here at wsof that’s responsible for administering the scholarship to the students um again thank you all for all of you for being here today and taking part in our inaugural essay review so in the next 30 minutes I’m gonna go ahead provide a quick overview and training on the guidelines for reviewing the essays again I want to point out that you can use the group chat feature of zoom if you have any questions I won’t be able to answer them on the spot but I’m going to make sure to download them and answer any sort of questions and possibly send an email out to the specific folks who asked them and send out an FAQ as well so please refer to the questions using the zoom group chat all right so Washington’s the Opportunity Scholarship is committed to establishing a pathway for future science technology engineering math and um and healthcare tower that represents the many diverse communities here in Washington see we award each opportunity scholar up to twenty-two thousand five hundred dollars for up to five years in addition to funding we build pathways through student services by way of academic support and career mentorship throughout their college career with you know we provide high potential students with financial aid assistance career guidance student support services to build the skills and competencies needed to compete in the Washington State workforce we find a hundred seventy seven seven health care majors at 65 Washington state colleges and universities before I continue I just want to do a quick sound check and seeing that there are folks who can’t care so I just want to make sure can folks hear me overall and responding the chat again okay so for the person who can’t hear me please adjust your volume and I’m sensing that it might be on that and it looks like folks can hear me just fine thank you guys so you’re rolling and packed as a volunteer today you’ll be taking part in one of the most impactful event we have by selecting our eighth cohort of opportunity scholars this year we have over 46,000 applications and reviewing over 9,000 essays out of the 46,000 I’m sorry 4600 I matter the 4600 students that we will be selecting from there will be 1,850 students that will be awarded for the eighth course as you can see this is a highly competitive application so by being a volunteer you’ll have the privilege of hearing the stories of the promising applicants who will be part of the opportunity scholarship community and in the Washington State economy you’ll be specifically looking at the essay section of our application so it is just a portion of our selection criteria but there are two essays students complete as part of the application so as you read both essays we ask you to keep one important factor in mind as you review the applications and that is equity we receive applications from high school seniors college freshmen and College sophomores who will bring you a diverse set of experiences to the table as you review essays we really encourage you to think about the opportunities to access them and healthcare education in the state think about the urban and inner-city schools as well as the rural schools and also think about the limitations individuals may have because of the personal or family circumstances here is our first essay question um because our mission is to prepare students for careers in stem and health care our first essay asks students to tell us about why they’re interested in to them or health care and what stuff they’ve taken to learn more about the field so you’ll see on the slide on the left hand side is the essay question that we’ve asked the students on the right hand side is a scoring guide which over provides an overview of the rating scale from excellent which is what you will score and it highlights what the essay should inform reviewers as you’re reading them so we really want to see the investment that students have have had in significant significantly exploring their summer healthcare major that they’re interested in evidence of any initial steps they’ve taken to pursue the desired stem our healthcare major and their ability to connect their major to career so again I want to keep in mind that not all opportunities are available across the state and not all the same opportunities are available so the investment can be formal traditional or self-directed so just an example you may read ethics from two students who both who are both interested in coding and computer science but reflect two completely different experiences one talks about the Robotics Club experience and their field trip to the Microsoft campus where they attended a coding camp well the other student might be talking about how they learn coding through YouTube participating in online forums and pretty much teaching themselves how to code if both of these students have taken clear steps to demonstrate their interest in coding both students could equally score on that essay and I just want to note that the scoring guide is also available in the reviewer portal which I’ll go into more detail about so in addition to a strong health care and stem interest we value scholars who demonstrate resiliency initiative and follow-through we know students are more than likely to succeed and spam our health care majors and careers or they exhibit these qualities so again on this slide you’ll see on the left-hand side the second essay question that student answer and on the right-hand side scoring guide that you will be using to guide your scoring the rating scale is again from excellent support and the essay should inform you as a reviewer there about their ability to overcome the challenges ability to navigate and utilize any sort of resources to overcome that challenge and it should inform you the mindset that they have as they go through the obstacles and seeing the challenges as the growth opportunity rather than roadblocks another point I want to raise about equity for both those of these essays you’ll notice that the scoring that doesn’t say anything about grammar brainy mechanics or organization that is not part of our scoring we ask that reviewers score exclusively based on content and this is because GPA is a significant factor in our selection process and that is where we measure the students success and academic in an academic environment the essays are designed to measure something different they’re designed to measure the students commitment to stem and healthcare and the resiliency initiative and followed through these criteria more so than the students spelling and grammar are the ones that really tell us which students are most likely to pursue a career in stem and healthcare successfully so I think this is where the I think the main part of the training is really learning how to navigate the svb portal after today’s training all of you will receive an email on Saturday with the link to the portal review as well as instructions to access the portal so I’m going to walk you through this again if you have questions I can answer them group chat after today’s training I’m gonna go ahead and show you guys the portal just one second you all right I’m going to do another truck can you all see the screen that I have on perfect okay so this is the review or portal um basically again you’ll get the link to the reviewer portal we have instructions over here on the left-hand side you’ll enter the email that you use to log to register as a volunteer so please refer to that if you don’t remember email us and we’ll confirm the email for you as you log in hit continue and you’ll see over here this is the confidentiality agreement that you all will agree to guys you take part in the review make sure to read that and check so just a quick overview each volunteer will be assigned a bundle of 30 applicants which is equivalent to 60 essays so you’ll see here these are all the essays that are assigned to me we have clearly indicated here as what status of each essays are so all of these essays in green that says review complete our essays I’ve already read and scored in the orange over here essays that I still had in progress basically I haven’t submitted the score yet or I haven’t finished reviewing and scoring my name for those that are listed as started and to make it easier for you if you’d like to sort them you can sort them up here by clicking this drop-down to show just the na start in essays and it will filter all of that out for you so let’s go ahead and open one essay actually well on this site so I’ll have all of the resources and reminders over here on the right-hand side of this screen I’ll have the link to the PowerPoint since you folks requested that and then I’ll also have a link to this training if you guys want to refer to that as well go ahead and start a review so basically in order to start click any of those if you haven’t started yet I’m going to point out here the listings so this is right here is the major that the student has selected and following that is the career that the student had typed out what they aren’t wanting to pursue the major is from are selected from our eligible list of majors so as long as they’ve selected any of these these are all the majors we are funding and then as far as the career goes that is PACS that they enter so students you know I have an idea of what they want to do and might be clearly directed to the to the major that they have indicated here on the left hand side yep I’m gonna go ahead and show you guys the score sheet so to access the score sheet you click that plus sign let me do that one more time so you guys can see it so right here is to access the scoring guide so on the left hand side is the essay and the unfolded part is the response that the student had written for this essay so here’s essay 1 and here is essay 2 on the right hand side is the score sheet we did provide a little bit more expensive guidance for the scoring guide between poor good and excellent you’ll notice here when you actually do score there’s a good slash poor or go slash excellent just to to catch the in-between ones that you are still unsure of as you’re reading the guide guidance for poor good and an excellent essay if you feel like it’s in between excellent and good or good and poor feel free to go ahead and select that there so again I just want to know that each we clearly indicated here that right here si two scoring guide is to score si two and then si one scoring guy right here is to score si one so it’s pretty user friendly as far as navigating the two essays here and the score sheet so hopefully this will provide ease for you to kind of toggle through the different screens so as you start reading your essays I just want to make a recommendation that when you are scoring so I haven’t read this essay yet but if you are I want to get a good feel of what the essays look like go ahead and just indicate what score you are wanting to give the student and save draft rather than hitting submit because once you hit submit you won’t be able to go back and change the score but if you just want to get a good feel get a baseline and calibrate your scoring I would recommend to just save draft rather than submit because otherwise once you submit there’s no way that you would be able to go back on um again so with the score guide I just want to point out the grading is based solely on concept try your best to not focus on the grammar or spelling and if there’s any questions that you have as far as you know if you come across the student essay that really just puzzles you you’re more than welcome to email us and we’re more than happy to answer any questions and provide some sort of guidance for you guys and you’ll see here that there is a print option I want to note that we really encourage you guys not to print these essays line is really just a safe paper there’s going to be lots of essays that you’re going to be reviewing and — we really just want to protect the privacy of the students so if possible please use the portal to review all of the essays but if you know for some reason you just your eyes are too stream you are welcome to print them but we do ask that you dispose of the essays and shred them after you have scored them all right so this is the portal as far as toggling between essays you would have to go back and click listings and it’ll take you back to the home page with all of the essays that is assigned to you again each of you will be assigned 30 applicants which is why right here it says 30 total but each applicant has two essays so you will be reviewing a total of sixty essays if you would like to review more than 30 applicants we are happy to provide that for you and you will just let us know you’ve indicated that either in the registration when you signed up if you change your mind and want to review more if you said that you don’t want to review more than 30 you’re more than welcome to email us you’ll have that email available for everyone at the end of this presentation all right go ahead and go back to the presentation so this is just their review summary basically the application just closed on every twenty eighth which was last week and the review period is happening right now you’ll be able to access the essays as soon as March 9th and you’ll have until March 17th which is Sunday to review the essays and then after that it provides us some time to do the rest of our selection and we’ll be able to notify students by April 19th some important notes about the review again each essay h10 these as fine thirty applicant files and an equivalent of sixty essays an email will be sent out to all of you who completed the training and it is a mandatory training so we do ask that everyone completes this and so after today you should be good to meet this requirement when you register there was an option here to attend the work party on March 13th from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at the coterie work lounge this is optional and this is just a way for us to provide a space and time for everyone for those of you who prefer to have like a designated work time and space to review that I say so we are going to have about four hours for all of you to review that sixty essays that you are assigned if you have registered for this event and that ends our training so thank you again so much for taking the time to take part in this process I will be responding to your individual questions after this training if you have any other questions after today please email us here at awards law opportunity scholarship org thank you all so much again I will respond to the individual emails individually on questions that you have in the chat box and if you have anything else after today please email us the questions thank you so much you’re welcome to log off and enjoy the rest of your day everyone you you you you you you you you you you you you

ENG1001 — Chapter Six — Annotated Bibliograpy and Exploratory Essay

hello everyone and welcome to English 1001 this is your co teacher Alicia Walton and today we’re going to be going over the allyn and bacon chapter 6 section on writing and annotated bibliographies and throughout these slides you might notice that there are some references to a chapter 7 please disregard that this is an older slide presentation deck but it contains a lot of good information so just ignore that we again are going to be working on chapter 6 which starts on page 120 of your textbook and we’re going to be talking about the annotated bibliography it’s called that in just a minute so for this chapter your learning objectives are going to be that you will pose or form a significant and possibly problematic research question next you’ll be exploring that problem or significant research question and narrating your thinking along that path after that you’re going to be thinking about your problem dialectically and finding resources or sources to back up the information that you which wish to diet into and during this process you’re going to take very good notes that will help you along the way so the reason why you write in annotated bibliography it’s actually there’s probably I would say three main reasons for writing one and this does spell it out but there’s me reading this from the screen in the need there’s me just you know being frank with you right so to be blunt it’s a good way to force yourself to keep notes on a topic it’s a good way to help you think your way through some of the research that you find it’s not uncommon for a student to choose a topic to research and then start doing the research and end up changing their mind about the angle or the actual research question that they’re going to choose to dive into here’s an example a couple of semesters ago I had a student who wanted to write about we had an argument if paper or research argument paper and for that paper I asked them to write an annotated bibliography to go along with it it’s a very useful tool so the student wanted to write about how soy was a was not helpful it wasn’t a healthy element to include in your diet right so he went along he started his research in about two weeks in he came into class and he said miss Walden I need to change my research question is that okay I said okay sure why was what what happened was the problem well come to find out he had been reading a lot of articles online that said that soy was not healthy and that it caused all these problems especially for men etc but come to find out the more he did actual research it turned out that a lot of journalists had misread this one study on soy and its effects on the body and that everything else that he could find supported how wonderful soy was and how it reduces your cholesterol and all this wonderful stuff and he said they got it wrong so I have to yeah I have to change this so not only did he change his research question the focus for his paper that he was going to be working on after the annotated bibliography but he also started the ignore away if he could come to find out there was more research that supported that it was good and of course he also figured out that there were a lot of journalists who were miss reading some of the research data and that does happen so you might find something along those lines depending on what you choose for your topic now our class of course focuses on the book nickel-and-dime so you wouldn’t be working with soy very unlikely that you would anyway but there’s still an opportunity there for you to change your way of thinking about something it might not be as drastic as that student and his experience was but there’s a lot of opportunity there for you to think in new ways about the information that you’re getting and so as this slide points out not only are you taking notes finding your research keeping track of your research taking notes about the research so your notes would include things like is this actually helpful is this research too old for me to use so if you’re talking about something like the use you know doing research on automated cars for instance you’re going to use the latest research that you can find right you’re not going to use something that you find from 30 years ago I don’t know what you would find from 30 years ago but chances are you’re going to mark that off the list so that would be something that might be in your notes and it would also change how you were doing your research so that’s why it’s important to do your research and take notes on it as you go along okay so moving on so the exploratory thinking we’ve talked a little bit about that it keeps the problem alive it doesn’t try to settle the matter so it also in exploratory thinking and considering points of view and different points of view as I said before the student who had talked about using soy as his topic and his research argument was that soy was not good for the body it wasn’t good for your help we should stop it ended up changing in mind about it completely changed his mind and he dug into a lot of the details so that was this that was a big twist of or a big flip but for you it might not be as big of a change it might be something more subtle and in terms of keeping the problem alive doing the research and keeping the annotated bibliography it keeps you focused on it for a long period of time because let’s face it when you have to write a research paper and you’re required to do something like this bibliography there’s the temptation to do it all the last minute which isn’t a very good idea with this assignment by the way but there’s also the temptation to just kind of even shove it into a cup of like a few weeks and forget about it afterwards well this gives you the opportunity to kind of think about it for a little bit jot down some notes about one source maybe take a few days off of it even a week or so come back to it put some more down and when you have that kind of time it almost percolate in your head it gives it a chance to sit the thought to sit there and simmer and move on and you can even think of if you give yourself more time to work on this bibliography you may also come across new ways of doing your research or finding another database to look into and as this slide points out it also gives you time to consider some of the strengths and weaknesses sometimes you know you can think about something until you know you’re about to get a headache from it and then you take a break you step outside your bedroom or your dorm room and you uh go for a cup of coffee and while you’re sitting there drinking a cup of coffee something makes sense then that happens to me a lot actually so it allows those kinds of things to happen when you give it your of time to work on the annotated bibliography so you want to make sure that you focus on a question problem or issue that genuinely perplexes you you don’t you know you don’t want to dwell a ton you don’t want to let it take over your life of course I don’t want that to happen and neither does miss Koster and we’re not asking that you saw up whatever it is either I’m not asking that you solve world hunger or any of the issues in the United States regarding economics and low-wage labor issues but we’re just asking that you think about it and pick a point choose a side and argue it so dialectical thinking explores multiple perspectives as I said before when you start working on something like an annotated bibliography at the beginning of a semester and you write the researched argument towards the middle of the semester you give all kinds of room and space for some of those thinking to pop up as I mentioned before and your sources can help you understand those perspectives as well and likewise those perspectives can help you understand the sources as this slide mentioned the double-entry logs help you track what you read so when I’m writing an annotated bibliography mine is maybe a little less focused than what yours is going to be because this is likely your first or possibly your second time writing one but when I write an annotated bibliography for myself I keep track of of what I find when I first find it and by double entry what that means is I sometimes go back and add a little bit of something you don’t always have to do that but occasionally you might you might think to yourself huh I like the direction this is going in I’m going to try to find something related to this in my next research endeavor so here’s an example of some of the research log entries for for the pretty annotated bibliography yeah I’m looking over this and you notice that yours doesn’t have to look exactly like this first of all this is just an example right um so I might not arrange it exactly like this but I do like how how there’s a lot of attention to detail so we have a date there but so that there’s there’s there’s an understanding of when you found it because you might go back and say okay so it’s very easy for some people anyway to find ten pieces of research that you know that you want to use right away you might start going through it and realize oh that’s not going to work that’s not going to work and then as you do that you might think okay well I need to go back and do this again it’s good to have a date recorded because you can keep track of not only where your thoughts were at that time because your thoughts are going to evolve but it can also help you keep track of when you’ve found it for instance if you happen to find this piece on from the Chronicle of philanthropy on February 8th and then you later on go back and March and do a little bit more you might need that date to help you separate out some of the information that you found it’s easy to get some of these confused with one another as well and that’s that’s really a great reason to keep these these notes for yourself and in some fields depending on the field that you’re going to be going into you might be required to have these as you do your own research so it’s really good to learn how to do this so for us we’re going to be following a specific format each each field by the way has their own way of doing this but essentially it’s the same information see you’ll notice two that we talked about where it was found gather as much details as you can there the last thing you want to do is find a title for something record it not put an author or put an author there accidentally misspelled it and then forget to put the magazine title or the journal title that you have because then sometimes you can find excellent research and then lose track of it you do not want to do that so write down as much as you can sometimes if you lose track of research and I’ve done this before myself you have to go searching through Google to find quotes from your notes you do not want to put yourself there it’s not always as easy as it sounds great drafting advice so narrate your research process what information did you look for why did you look for it talk a little bit about and explain how and why you selected your sources use both open and closed form features to be clear about your unfolding chronology and be clear about your thinking illustrate how you are keeping an open mind and wrestling with ideas uh again you’re not going to write down every single little bit about this but these are points that you might want to consider writing about write writing about write and again I’m doubling up too much there anyway this is something you might want to keep in mind but it’s certainly not a requirement so here’s the framework for an exploratory essay so the exploratory essay you start here gives your introduction and it starts with a problematic or significant question sometimes you’ll hear that referred to as a research question it shows why you’re interested in it and remember the last thing you want to do is pick a topic you’re not in arrested in for this it’s perfectly acceptable if you need to change your topic early on because you realize you’re not interested in it please do not get to week four or week five or week eight heaven help us all and change your mind about your topic because you’re not interested in it if you become interested in it at that point it’s likely because you’re just tired of it for a minute and you might want to take like a couple days away from it and then come back but you really want to make sure that you choose your topic and stick with it so body one section one of the first source this gives you an idea of what you can have here you can kind of follow this along also remember that for the annotated bibliography that you’re going to be writing for this course we have very specific questions and sections for you to answer so you will be writing all of this that we’ve gone over here these are just suggestions for what you could do but you will be paying close attention to the requirements for the assignment that we give you in the assignment sheet so a bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that gets authors needs source titles and publication information annotation part that’s the notes in the evaluation creating any other — an annotation follow the directions please follow the directions while these slides and my presentation here have given you some ideas for how you can create any annotation again you want to make sure that you follow the directions on our assignment sheet so some review questions what’s the importance of exploratory writing think about that what are the key features of an exploratory essay so we went over that pretty well the exploratory essay and annotated bibliography kind of work side by side what we’re going to be doing for our course is a little bit different but it’s good for you to know about what an exploratory essay is so while you won’t be responsible for the exploratory essay portion of this you will be responsible for the annotated bibliography and one of the key features of the annotated bibliography the key features of the annotated bibliography is a bibliography a listing of sources in alphabetical order that have annotations with it or notes and what are the key features of the annotated bibliography you write for me and miss Koster those are in the assignment sheet so there you have it we’ve reviewed all of chapter 6 and we’ve talked about the annotated bibliography as well as the exploratory essay so if you have any questions or concerns about any of this material please feel free to reach out to me um make sure after you look at this video that you go through the schedule for this week make sure that you’ve watched any and all of the attached lectures and that you complete any of the necessary material or get started on anything that is going to be required as far as future work is concerned again if you have any questions about any of that feel free to reach out to meet or miss Koster thank you for watching